Limestone Correctional Facility opened during October 1984. The facility has about 1,600 acres of land with about 90 acres enclosed by the perimeter fence. Using dormitory type buildings, Limestone has a capacity for 2388 inmates, which also includes maintaining over 200 inmates, tested positive for HIV, in a segregated environment. The facility is located approximately ten miles east of Athens, Alabama and approximately ten miles west of Huntsville, Alabama, in the community of Capshaw, Alabama.
Limestone has a farming and cattle operation.